Modeling Intercity Public Transport using a System Dynamics Approach


  • Ahsan Tariq National Institute of Urban Infrastructure Planning, University of Engineering & Technology, Peshawar, KP 25000, Pakistan


Intercity Transport, 5G E-Health Architectures, Public Transport, Service Quality, System Dynamics, Transport Policy, Travel Delay


The paper presents a study on modeling the complex intercity public transportation system, addressing its multifaceted challenges. With a focus on Pakistan, it explores the intricate interplay between variables like population, economy, travel demand, and service quality. Employing system dynamics modeling, it intricately examines the system's dynamics, considering factors such as bus availability, traffic congestion, and investment attractiveness. The model showcases the direct and indirect relationships between variables, elucidating how population growth impacts transport demand, service quality influences public transport attractiveness, and traffic congestion affects travel time. It scrutinizes revenue aspects, including fare structures, ridership, operational costs, and external influences, providing insights into financial performance. By analyzing these sectors, the paper aims to guide policy formulation for an efficient, sustainable intercity public transportation system, emphasizing the need for integrated strategies and stakeholder collaboration to optimize service quality, manage traffic, and enhance economic viability.