Challenges to Female’s Participation in Dispute Resolution Councils in District Peshawar


  • Neelam Naz Qurtaba University of Science and Information Technology



The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) government introduced Dispute Resolution Councils (DRCs) in 2014 to address domestic issues and conflicts at the local level and avoid the high costs and lengthy processes of the formal justice system. This study aims to assess female's participation in DRCs in District Peshawar. The study uses qualitative methods and non-probability sampling techniques, focusing on the female's challenges hampering their active participation in DRCs. The data was gathered through 40 interviews, FGDs & documentary analysis. Results show limited involvement of female in DRCs due to capability gaps, institutional weaknesses, gender preconceptions, socio-cultural restrictions and low education levels. Remedies include gender-responsive structural arrangements, community sensitization, civic education programs, trust building, improved selection standards, linkages with regular courts, capacity enhancement, increased outreach, data protection, provision of handsome honoraria, and system support to involve more female in leadership positions under the DRC system.

        Keywords: Dispute Resolution Councils, justice system, female rights, police, gender-based violence