Analysis of Leadership Crisis and Political Instability in Pakistan During 1988 To 1990


  • Najeeb Ali Shah Rahman group of Education Batkhela.
  • Nazim Rahim
  • Farhad Ali



The progress of a country is dependent upon visionary leadership. No country can achieve the desired milestones without genuine leadership. This quality was lacking in the leadership of Pakistan during 1988 to 1990. The objectives of the study were finding out the causes of leadership crisis as well as political instability in Pakistan during 1988 to 1990. The study was qualitative in nature and content analysis methodology was used in order to probe the research questions. Data was collected from the recorded interviews of political leaders, political analysts and books. For data analysis, descriptive analytical technique was used by the researcher. After the death of Jinnah, leadership vacuum further intensified. The study found out that political leader during 1988 to 1990, both Nawaz as well as Benazir regimes failed to maintain political stability in the country. They were interested to grab more powers; so, they could not develop effective political institutions and political parties which are necessary for democratic culture. The study also found out that the political leaders failed to maintain the civilian supremacy over the non-political forces like military and judiciary. Political leaders were involved in power politics and promoted feudalism and regionalism in the country. It was concluded, that during 1988 to 1993, there was no visionary and sincere political leadership in Pakistan, which could maintain political stability in the country. During this period, the Benazir government has not succeeded in completing its tenure. Recommendations were made for further research regarding other aspects of this political duration (1988-90)

            Keywords:  political instability, political leadership